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Leaves, Flowers and seedpods of Mimosa, Silktree, Albizia julibrissin….Hoa và trái đậu của cây Hợp Hoan ….
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Picture by Vietnam Plants & America plants
Cây này cũng được trồng nhiều ở Việt Nam , nước ta , theo thông tin của Pfaf ( có trong phần thông tin tiếng Anh đính kèm bên dưới ) thì lá non khi nấu cho mùi rất thơm, được dùng cho món &quot Lẩu &quot . Hoa có thể nấu ăn như các loài rau. Lá khô có thể nấu nước uống như trà . Và vỏ cây được dùng để trị bênh , đầu hoa ( flower head ) được dùng để chữa nhiều chứng bệnh như thiếu trí nhớ, chứng mất ngủ, chứng dễ bị kích thích và cáu kỉnh ( Irritability ), khó thở

Young leaves – cooked. An aromatic flavour[2, 106, 178, 179], they are utilized as a potherb[183]. Flowers – cooked. Eaten as a vegetable[183]. The dried leaves are a tea substitute…( study much more in PFAF informations )

Chụp hình vào ngày 10 tháng 9 năm 2011 , sau khi tôi đến nước Mỹ được 10 ngày . Chụp tại thành phố ngoại ô Cross Lanes của Thủ Phủ Charleston , thuộc bang West Virginia, nơi mẹ tôi sinh sống .

Taken on September ten, 2011 ( right after I came in America ten days ) . In Cross Lanes city ( exactly where my mom lived ) , West Virginia state, Eastern of America .

Vietnamese named : Hợp Hoan
Typical names : Mimosa, Silktree. Persian silk tree.
Scientist name : Albizia julibrissin Durazz.
Synonyms :
Family : Fabaceae / Pea family. Họ Đậu

Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Genus Albizia Durazz. – albizia
Species Albizia julibrissin Durazz. – silktree

Hợp hoan – Albizia julibrissin Durazz, thuộc họ Đậu – Fabaceae.

Mô tả: Cây gỗ trung bình cao tới 16m thân nhẵn. Lá to, màu lục sáng cuống chung dài 24-30cm, mang eight-twelve cặp cuống lá chét bậc nhất dài ten-15cm mỗi cuống này lại mang 14-30 đôi lá chét bậc hai hẹp, dài -12mm, rộng one-4mm gốc không cân xứng, dạng lưỡi liềm hơi cắt ngang, không lông, cuống 6-7mm, có tuyến ở nửa dưới. Chuỳ hoa ở ngọn nhánh, cuống cụm hoa hình đầu three-4cm nhị có chỉ nhị dài 3cm, như những chùm lông, màu hồng tím đẹp. Quả dẹp, mỏng, thõng xuống, màu nâu đỏ, dài 9-15cm, rộng three-3,5cm, chứa khoảng 10 hạt.

Mùa hoa tháng six-7, quả tháng 9-11.

Bộ phận dùng: Hoa – Flos Albiziae, thường gọi là Hợp hoan hoa.

Nơi sống và thu hái: Cây của châu Á và châu Phi á nhiệt đới được trồng làm cảnh. Người ta thu hái hoa vào mùa hạ.

Thành phần hóa học: Có saponin.

Tính vị, tác dụng: Vị ngọt, tính bình có tác dụng giải uất an thần.

Công dụng, chỉ định và phối hợp: Thường dùng chữa tâm thần không yên, sầu muộn mất ngủ.

Ghi chú: Vỏ cây này gọi là Hợp hoan bì cũng được sử dụng như vỏ cây Bồ kết tây.




Frequent NameMimosa
FamilyFabaceae or Leguminosae
SynonymsAcacia mollis. Acacia julibrissin.
Acknowledged HazardsNone recognized
HabitatsOpen sunny ravines, forests and by rivers up to 2100 metres in the Himalayas[51, 158].
RangeW. Asia and E. Asia – Iran to China.

Albizia julibrissin is a deciduous Tree expanding to twelve m (39ft) by ten m (32ft).
It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have the two male and female organs)It can resolve Nitrogen.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and hefty (clay) soils, needs effectively-drained soil and can expand in nutritionally poor soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. and can develop in really alkaline and saline soils.
It can not grow in the shade.It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.The plant can tolerates sturdy winds but not maritime exposure.

Woodland Garden Canopy Secondary Sunny Edge South Wall. By.

Edible Uses
Edible Components: Flowers Leaves.
Edible Makes use of: Gum Tea.

Young leaves – cooked. An aromatic flavour[2, 106, 178, 179], they are utilized as a potherb[183]. Flowers – cooked. Eaten as a vegetable[183]. The dried leaves are a tea substitute[177, 183].

Medicinal Makes use of
Plants For A Long term can not consider any duty for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Often look for guidance from a skilled ahead of utilizing a plant medicinally.

Analgesic Anthelmintic Carminative Digestive Diuretic Oxytoxic Plaster Plaster Sedative Stimulant Tonic

The flower heads are carminative, digestive, sedative and tonic[176, 218, 238]. They are employed internally in the therapy of insomnia, irritability, breathlessness and poor memory[176, 238]. The flowers are harvested as they open and are dried for later on use[238]. The stembark is anodyne, anthelmintic, carminative, discutient, diuretic, oxytocic, sedative, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary[176, 178, 218]. It is utilised internally in the remedy of insomnia, irritability, boils and carbuncles[238]. Externally, it is applied to injuries and swellings[238]. The bark is harvested in spring or late summer season and is dried for later on use[238]. A gummy extract obtained from the plant is utilised as a plaster for abscesses, boils and so forth and also as a retentive in fractures and sprains[218].
Other Uses
Gum Plaster Plaster.

A gummy extract of the plant is utilised as a plaster[178]. No more details are provided. Wood – dense, hard, robust, will take a great polish. Utilized for furniture, industrial applications, firewood and so on[74, 158, 272].
Cultivation details
Needs a nicely-drained moisture retentive soil and a quite sunny place[200]. Succeeds in dry soils. Extremely fertile soils can promote soft sappy development which is frost tender[200]. Trees tolerate a high pH, saline soils, large winds and drought[200, 238]. They also succeed in poor soils[238]. Trees prefer a more continental climate than Britain[11] and when dormant are hardy to about -20°c in such a zone[200]. They are only hardy to about -10°c in the maritime climate of this nation[200]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to develop the plants in a place sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. They be successful on a sunny wall at Kew[11], and also in a much more open but sunny sheltered position there[K], but only truly succeed outside in the mildest places of Britain[1]. If killed back to the ground by a severe winter, plants can frequently resprout from the base[200]. The form ‘Rosea’ is hardier and far more compact, succeeding even in the drier elements of Britain if offered some safety[11]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be fan-educated for increasing on a wall. Any pruning is best accomplished in late winter or early spring[202]. Usually grown as a summer season bedding plant[1]. Fairly tolerant of being transplanted[200]. Plants usually produce suckers[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species has a symbiotic partnership with specific soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and repair atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the expanding plant but some can also be used by other plants expanding close by[200].

Seed – pre-soak 24 hours in hot water and sow March/April in a greenhouse or sow as quickly as it is ripe in a cold frame[113]. Germinates in 2 – three months at 19°c. Scarification assists[133]. There are about 11,000 seeds to a pound, about 25 – 33% of which germinate[227]. Prick out the seedlings into personal pots of pretty wealthy soil when they are big sufficient to manage and expand them on in the greenhouse for at least their 1st winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer time and think about providing them some safety from the cold for their 1st winter or two outside[K]. Root cuttings, late winter in a greenhouse[113, 200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[200]. Suckers planted out in late winter[200].